Harvard Business Review - January 18, 2019: Organizations are failing black workers in 3 key ways. 1. Many rely too heavily on social networks and personal connections in order to fill available positions that have been known to exclude blacks. 2. Many have lukewarm, ineffective or non-existent policies around diversity and inclusion. 3. Organizations channel black workers into the least secure and prestigious jobs, like public sector or human resources. The Inclusive Viewpoint: For black workers, having highly-placed sponsors (not just mentors) within organizations can help avoid these three dilemmas that work to leave blacks underrepresented instead of propelling them toward influential, high ranking roles.